Understanding architectural details pdf

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Understanding Architectural Details - Commercial the second edition, containing over Bundle one is perfect for those who are just after the ebook (pdf format). Understanding Architectural Details – Bundle 1. [PDF Book of the 3rd Edition of Book 1 Residential Construction]. Functional requirements. Detailing Principles. Understanding a set of architectural drawings is critical to efficient and accurate ing sections briefly illustrate some of the most important details of this process.

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Understanding Architectural Details Pdf

louslaneforbu.gq - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Not all architectural plan sets will include each sheet listed below. plans, architects, drafters, or builders will illustrate many details in only one. DETAILS, l'architettura vista in sezione workshop del corso di understanding of the fundamental lan- significant details of their architecture and a brief.

The Parthenon , Athens , Greece , "the supreme example among architectural sites. An equivalent in modern English would be: Durability — a building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition. Utility — it should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used. Beauty — it should be aesthetically pleasing. According to Vitruvius, the architect should strive to fulfill each of these three attributes as well as possible. Leon Battista Alberti , who elaborates on the ideas of Vitruvius in his treatise, De Re Aedificatoria , saw beauty primarily as a matter of proportion, although ornament also played a part. For Alberti, the rules of proportion were those that governed the idealised human figure, the Golden mean. The most important aspect of beauty was, therefore, an inherent part of an object, rather than something applied superficially, and was based on universal, recognisable truths. The notion of style in the arts was not developed until the 16th century, with the writing of Vasari : [11] by the 18th century, his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects had been translated into Italian, French, Spanish, and English. Ancient Roman architect Vitruvius described in his theory of proper architecture, the proportions of a man. In the early 19th century, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin wrote Contrasts that, as the titled suggested, contrasted the modern, industrial world, which he disparaged, with an idealized image of neo-medieval world. Gothic architecture , Pugin believed, was the only "true Christian form of architecture. Architecture was the "art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by men

So often the needs and complexities of urban design go far beyond the scope and influence of any single discipline, yet arguments about our urban fabric degenerate into shallow exchanges on style and taste.

They represent a superficial cosmetic, when the scale and nature of the problem demand a much more rigorous and searching analysis of not only how things should be built, but what should be built. Many of the mistakes that were made in the recent past will have to be redressed and perhaps the govern- mental machinery to achieve what is needed will have to undergo radical change.

15+ Free Architectural Drawings & Ideas | Free & Premium Templates

These are challenging times for our urban environments, and their destinies depend on the understanding of the ordinary citizen. This book attempts to elucidate that understanding.

County Architect, Hampshire —87 xii Foreword to the first edition Acknowledgements This book has evolved out of the ideas and experience of architecture that we have gained over many years and it is impossible to mention by name all the many people who have helped us in this. While we were exploring the form that this book should take, we discussed our ideas with many people and we would particularly like to thank Peter Swallow, Crispin Branfoot, Anthea McCullough and David Saile for their constructive criticisms.

We should point out, however, that the responsi- bility for the contents of this book rests entirely with the authors.


Catherine King, Robert Hillenbrand, John Newman and Peter Howell all spent time encouraging our efforts and we would like to express our thanks to them for this. We would also like to thank Neil Jackson for his comments and help on American sources of information. In gathering together the illustrations that form an essential part of this book we have often been accompanied, in all types of weather, by tolerant friends and family who might sometimes have preferred other destinations.

In particular, many discussions with Frieda Roenisch, Fred Hoffman and John Hoffman have added considerably to the book.

Many individuals, organisations and institutions have gone out of their way to answer queries, provide help and lend us photographs; we would particularly like to thank Mr and Mrs J.

We would also like to thank our editors and De Montfort University for their support. This book is about how to under- stand that environment and the form, construction and history of buildings.

It is for students and all who are concerned about the architecture of today and yesterday. It may seem that there are so many books published on the subject of architecture and architectural history that there is little need for another one.

Rather than writing another history of architecture, our aim is to show that history all around us is there for us to explore and enjoy. Some buildings we may like, others we find most uncongenial. That is part of the challenge and this book is about understanding buildings, whether we like them or not. This means not just the way they look, or their construction and mater- ials, but how they came into being, and how they were and are used. To understand the complexities of the built environment we need to know some- thing about the decisions that led to building developments, the economic and political context of patronage, the role of developers and the social and cultural context of building use.

Studying the past enables us to understand today more clearly.

Gothic architecture , Pugin believed, was the only "true Christian form of architecture. Architecture was the "art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by men His work goes on to state that a building is not truly a work of architecture unless it is in some way "adorned". For Ruskin, a well-constructed, well-proportioned, functional building needed string courses or rustication , at the very least.

Ingenuity is at work. But suddenly you touch my heart, you do me good. I am happy and I say: This is beautiful. That is Architecture". There it begins. While the notion that structural and aesthetic considerations should be entirely subject to functionality was met with both popularity and skepticism, it had the effect of introducing the concept of "function" in place of Vitruvius ' "utility".

The column is positioned centrally on the foundation pad.


Simple pad foundation with and without reinforcement Ground beams are often used to span between the pads and transfer the load of the infill wall to M the pads. Once again the area of the pad is dependent on strength of subsoil. Raft foundation with toe. Beam and block floor. Solid concrete ground floor. E Detail G Example of structural steel skeleton frame Parallel beam structural steel frame: This type of frame uses spine beams which are fixed on each side of the columns to support secondary beams that support the floor.

The skeleton frame supports the whole load of the building. The most economic form of this frame is a standard grid pattern. This also is most economic when designed in a rectangular grid.

Conventional steel frames are constructed using hot rolled section beams and columns known as a skeleton frame. Rainscreen cladding panels. Rainscreen cladding steel frame infill. Cladding panels on aluminium frame system - window cill detail Cladding panels on aluminium frame system. Render finish. Figure 5. Example of a board system PL Figure 5. E Figure 5. Example of standing seam roof cladding Example of a secret fix system M Standing Seam: Extensive green roof.

E Detail R Strip foundation with ground bearing slab Raft foundation with downstand beam and toe 14 Detail G Simple raft foundation with 23 downstand.

Understanding Architectural Details - FULL PACKAGE

Detail G Simple pad foundation with and without reinforcement 10 Detail G Cast in situ reinforced concrete slab 44 SA Detail G Mass fill pad foundation with steel piers 11 Detail G Suspended concrete floor. Deep strip foundation. Raft foundation with downstand 13 Detail G Mass fill pad foundation. Example of pad foundations 11 Detail G Composite floor.

Blockwork construction. Concrete construction.